In order to qualify for Australian citizenship the applicant must be able to demonstrate that they:

  • have lived in Australia for four years as a lawful resident, with at least 12 months as a permanent resident; and
  • have not been absent from Australia for a total of more than 12 months in these four years, including no more than three months in the year before the application for citizenship is made.

It is important to note that there are several exemptions and discretions that can apply in relation to the above criteria, which are too detailed to be listed here. Citizenship applicants also need to sit and pass a citizenship 'test'. There are also exemptions with regard to who needs to sit the test.

Many aspects of obtaining Australian citizenship are complex - the information provided here is intended as a basic guide and does not include all available paths to citizenship.

How we can help:

We can handle every aspect of the application process, with a view to making it as streamlined and stress-free as possible. This will include preparation of the relevant application forms, collation of the required supporting documentation and liaison with the authorities. Please contact Joanne Baldwin or click here for full contact information.

What to expect from your MARA Agent

Business Visits
Working Holiday
Investor Retirement
Entertainment Industry
Temporary Work - the '457' Visa
Employer Sponsorship (Permanent)
General Skilled Migration
Distinguished Talent
Business Development
Family Migration
Temporary Work (Short Stay Activity)

There are three main ways to acquire Australian citizenship:

1. By birth in Australia

For those who were either:

  1. Born in Australia before 20 August 1986 with no restriction on the visa the applicant's parent(s) held (with minor exceptions); or
  2. Born in Australia after 20 August 1986 (with at least one parent being an Australian citizen or permanent resident)
    Please note - there are separate rules relating to children of New Zealand citizens

2. By acquisition after entry in Australia

  1. Entering Australia on or before 26 January 1944 as a British subject and resident in Australia for five years until 26 January 1949; or
  2. By applying for citizenship (see the box above)

3. By descent

Applicants for citizenship by descent are generally eligible if they were born outside Australia on or after 26 January 1949, and at least one parent was an Australian citizen at the time of birth.

Last updated May 2014


ASG Immigration is registered with the Office of the Immigration Services Commissioner.